Effectiveness of respiratory muscles training by voluntary isocapnic hyperpnea versus inspiratory threshold loading on intercostales and vastus lateralis muscles deoxygenation induced by exercise in physically active adults

Tesis conducente al grado de Magíster en Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud. Abstract: Respiratory muscle training (RMT) improves physical performance, although it is still debated whether this effect depends on the type of training. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two different types of RMT, i.e., voluntary isocapnic hyperpnea (VIH) and inspiratory threshold loading (ITL), on the deoxygenation of intercostal (∆SmO2-m. intercostales) and vastus lateralis (∆SmO2-m. vastus lateralis) muscles during exercise. Twenty-four participants performed eight weeks of RMT by: (i) VIH (3 days·week−1 for 12 min at 60% maximal voluntary ventilation) or (ii) ITL (5 sets·week−1 of 30 breaths·minute−1 at 60% maximal inspiratory pressure). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) included ∆SmO2 (the change from baseline to end of test) of intercostal and vastus lateralis muscles. After RMT, both groups showed decreased ∆SmO2-m. intercostales (VIH = 12.8 ± 14.6%, p = 0.04 (effect size, ES = 0.59), and ITL = 8.4 ± 9.8%, p = 0.04 (ES = 0.48)), without a coincident change of ∆SmO2-m. vastus lateralis. ITL training induced higher VO2-peak absolute values than VIH (mean ∆ post–pre, ITL = 229 ± 254 mL·min−1 [95% CI 67–391] vs. VIH, 39 ± 153 mL·min−1 [95% CI −58–136.0], p = 0.01). In conclusion, both RMT improved the balance between supply and oxygen consumption levels of m. intercostales during CPET, with ITL also inducing an increase of aerobic capacity.
Artículo para optar al grado de (Magíster en Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud)--Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 2023
Respiratory muscles, Spectroscopy, Near-infrared, Sport, Athletic training, Oxygen consumption